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Vilnius

Vilnius

Population:                             554,400 (Vilnius County 847,754)

Area:                                       400 sq km             

Vilnius is the capital of the Republic of Lithuania and the largest administrative heart with all major political, economic, social and cultural centers. It is in the South East of the country. 

Buildings cover 29.1% of the city and the remaining area is prevailed with the greenery (68.8%) and waters (2.1%). 

History reveals that Vilnius was first mentioned in 1323 by the Grand Duke Gediminas, who sent numerous letters to Western Europe inviting traders and craftsmen of all nationalities and religious confessions to settle in the city. Now Vilnius is the largest city in the country, with the population of approximately 560 thousand, according to the data of 2001-2009. Ethnically Vilnius community comprises 57,8% of Lithuanians, 18,7% of Poles, 14% of Russians, 4% of Byelorussians, 0.5% of Jews and the remaining 5% of other nationalities. 

The Old Town, historical centre of Vilnius, is one of the largest in Eastern Europe (360 ha). The most valuable historic and cultural heritage is concentrated here. The buildings in the Old Town—there are about 1.5 thousand of them—were built in a number of different centuries; therefore, it is a mixture of all European architectural styles. Although Vilnius is often called a Baroque city, here you will also find masterpieces of Gothic, monuments of Renaissance, Neoclassicism and other styles. The main sights of the city are the Gediminas Castle, the Cathedral Square—symbols of the capital—and the historic centre, the Old Town of Vilnius, which in 1994 was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. 

In 2009, at the same time as Linz (Austria), Vilnius was a European Capital of Culture. Vilnius has always been a multicultural city. With its intense cultural life, leafy, quiet, compact and clean environment and excellent tourism infrastructure, Vilnius can be a snug place for everyone. 

Vilnius is not only a city with a rich history and wonderful architecture in a beautiful natural setting, where the Neris River and the Vilnia River meet. The capital of Lithuania is a modern city, a political, administrative and economic centre of the country and the heart of its education and culture.

Contemporary Vilnius is the fastest growing and advancing capital in the Baltic States, aspiring to be the most attractive centre for business, political and cultural meetings and events in the region of the neighboring countries.  The city enjoys a well-developed infrastructure of services and entertainments–it has plenty of accommodation, catering and leisure places of various levels. Vilnius is home to the majority of national art and cultural institutions and companies as well as artists. Eimuntas Nekrošius, Oskaras Koršunovas, Rimas Tuminas and other Lithuanian artistic directors, the best in Europe, work here. During summertime, the city hosts international and national cultural events, including Vilnius Festival (classics and the virtuosi of the world music), Christopher’s festival of traditional and modern music, several jazz, folklore and modern dance festivals along with other festivities.

Vilnius, as capital of Lithuania, is the seat of the President, the Seimas (Parliament), the Government and the Supreme Court. Diplomatic missions, educational, cultural, financial, research and health care institutions are based there.

There are lots of places of interest in Vilnius.

Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania

The reconstructed Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania, the former political, diplomatic, cultural center of the State, was one of the most famous in Europe in the 15th-17th centures and was demolished in the beginning of the 19th century.

The Bastion of Vilnius City Wall

The bastion is a Renaissance defence complex of authentic construction situated next to the former city wall and dating back to the 17th century.

Vilnius Town Hall

The Town Hall building was Gothic to begin with and changed with time. The Town Hall was reconstructed for the last time by the architect Laurynas Stuoka-Gucevičius at the end of the 18th century. Today Vilnius Town Hall is a representative building.

Planetarium

The planetarium of Vilnius University is the only one specialized information centre of astronomy and natural sciences in Lithuania and the Baltic states. The planetarium has been operational since 1962.

Europa park

One of the most impressive contemporary art museums where art and nature merge is situated 19 kilometers from the centre of Vilnius. Park of Europe was founded in 1991 seeking to give a meaning to the geographical centre of Europe in the language of art.

About 100 sculptures created by different artists of the world are displayed there.

According to the data of the Department of Statistics, during the year of 2012, in total 778 019 (2011 – 679 380) guests visited Vilnius. Is one of the most frequently visited cities of Eastern Europe. It draws attention, not only because of its unique architectural character, but also by its cultural events and attractions.  

 

 

Source:     www.amb.urm.lt    

                  www.lithuania.travel

                  www.vilnius.lt

                  www.vilnius-tourism.lt

 

 

 

 

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