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General information

   AZERBAIJAN

   THE LAND OF FIRES 

Map

General  information

Official name: 

The Republic of Azerbaijan

Date of establishment:         

the 28th of May 1918

Capital:         

Baku

Azerbaijan is a geographical name. This name is linked with the population, which lived in this region for thousands of years before our era, and who were mostly fire-worshippers. Local population considered the fire as their God, so they worshipped the fire. "Azer" means fire. 

Territory 

86,6 thousand square km. The country is situated in the latitude 38° and 42° of north and in the longitude of 44° and 52° east. Distance from Baku to North Pole is 5550 km, to the equator 4440 km.

State borders:

Borders with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km) in the south

Borders with Russia (390 km) in the north

Borders with Georgia (480 km) in the north-west

Borders with Armenia (1007 km) in the west

The length of the widest area of Azerbaijan section of the Caspian Sea is 456 km.

Big lakes, km2                 

Sarysu – 67.0

Aggol – 56.2

Agzybirchala – 37.0

Mehman – 35.0

Boyukshor – 9.2

Hajygabul – 8.4

Big rivers, km                          

Kur – 1515

Araz – 1072

Alazan (Ganykh) – 413

Iori (Gabyrry) – 389

Samur – 216

Terter – 200

Big islands, km2

Pirallahy – 14.4 

Chilov – 11.5

Khere-Zire – 3.5 

Boyuk-Zire – 1.4

 

 

 

The world’s biggest lake                                                 

the  Caspian Sea

(area – 400000 km2 ;

depth – 1025 m)

The highest peak

 

Bazarduzu (4466m)

 

The population

To early 2016, population of the Republic of Azerbaijan totaled 9.705.6 million people.

For the last year, population in Azerbaijan grew 112.6 thousand people or 1,29 percent. 53,1 percent of population live in urban areas while 46,9 percent in rural areas. 49,8 percent of population are males, while 50,2 percent are females.

Number of population (at the beginning of the year)

 

Years

Total number of population, thsd person

of which:

Per cen, of total population

   urban  places   

  rural   places  

    urban  places  

   rural  places  

 2000 

8 032.8

4107.3

3925.5

51.1

48.9

2001

8 114.3

4149.1

3965.2

51.1

48.9

2002

8 191.4

4192.6

3998.8

51.2

48.8

2003

8 269.2

4237.6

4031.6

51.2

48.8

2004

8 349.1

4358.4

3990.7

52.2

47.8

2005

8 447.4

4 423.4

4024.0

52.4

47.6

2006

8 553.1

4502.4

4050.7

52.6

47.4

2007

8666.1

4564.2

4101.9

52.7

47.3

2008

8779.9

4652.2

4127.7

53.0

47.0

2009

8922.4

4739.1

4183.3

53.1

46.9

2010

8997.6

4774.9

4222.7

53.1

46.9

2011

9111.1

4829.5

4281.6

53.0

47.0

2012

9235.1

4888.7

4346.4

52.9

47.1

2013

9 356.5

4966.2

4390.2

53.1

46.9

2014

9 477.1

5045.4

4431.7

53.2

46.8

2015

9 593.0

5098.3

4494.7

53.1

46.9

2016

9 705.6

5152.4

4553.2

53.1

46.9

The state language of the Azerbaijan Republic is the Azerbaijani language. Azerbaijan provides for the development of the Azerbaijani Language.State language:          Azerbaijani

The Azerbaijani language is the state official language of Azerbaijan and the mean of linguistic communication of the 9 million population of the country.

Besides, Azerbaijani is also spoken by 20 million Azerbaijanis residing in the Islamic Republic of Iran, several millions of Azerbaijanis reside in Russia, USA, Turkey and Western Europe. Regardless of their current country of residence, Azerbaijanis still can understand each other easily. There are over 30 million speakers of Azerbaijani at present.

Genealogically, Azerbaijani language belongs to the Turkic group of languages and, together with closely associated Turkish, Turkmen and Gagauz languages, forms the southwestern group of Turkic languages.

The Azerbaijani language is one of the languages that had passed a long path of development. Regarding the epos “Kitabi Dede Gorgut” as the unwritten pattern of our literature, the age of the language serving the people as a mean of communication can exceed 1300 years. Some materials point out that the history of written literary language of Azerbaijan commences with 13th century.

 

 

Source:       www.azerbaijan.az

                     www.mfa.gov.az

                     www.president.az

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