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Ganja

Ganja

Territory:            0,11 thousand km2

Population:          301,4 thousand people

It ranks the second in the republic in the population, and third - (after Baku and Sumgayit) in the production of industrial goods. The most part of total volume of the production of industrial goods falls to the share non-ferrous metallurgy, light and food industries, electronics and mechanical engineering.

There are different opinions about formation of Ganja as a city. Some scientists refer the city to the period of B.C. and the majority to the beginning of the middle ages.

Speaking about the history of the city we should first of all mention about the fact that the city was a social-economic and cultural centre. Alike other cities of our country (Gabala, Nakhchivan, Sheki, Shamakhi) Ganja was a habitation earlier with beautiful geographical sight and later formed into a city.

In earthquake of 1139 the original city established in the 5th century was destroyed and rebuilt in the 12th century little in the east of the former location.

The city turned into one of the important trade centers for it located on the main caravan roads. The city was again destroyed in 1231 in the result of Mongolian invasion. In the 15th century Ganja subordinated to the Garagoyunlu state. The city was again occupied in the 16th century by the Sefevis.

From 1606 until 1804, when attached to the Russian Empire, Ganja was the centre of the khanate in the subordination of Iranian empire. In 1826 Russian army defeated Iranian powers and kept them down. Many Armenian, Russian and German refugees inhabited this place and initiated development of industry and trade in Ganja.

For a very short period of time Ganja was the capital of independent Azerbaijan established in 1918. Historical events also influenced the change of the name of the city. The toponym "Ganja" does not relate with the medicine. It is derived from the name of the tribes "Genjek". During 1804-1918 the city called (Yelizavetpol)-the name of wife of Tsar I Alexander. The city regained its former name "Ganja" till 1935 and then changed into "Kirovabad". Since 1989 till today the city is called Ganja.

The road from Baku to Ganja is one of the picturesque roads of Azerbaijan. Ganja is famous for the mountain Kepez and 7 lakes round it, and particularly for Goy-Gol. The place is ideal for canoe, swimming, walking, voyages and family picnics. Goy-Gol appeared in the result of earthquake in 1139 when a part of the mountain Kepez (Alparag) fell and created an obstacle on the river Agsu. Water of the lake is transparent green-blue and rich with hydrogen carbonate and calcium. Goy-Gol recreation zone with mountainous climate is called the pearl of Azerbaijan.

The city is the motherland of great poets such as Mesheti khanum Ganjavi and Nizami; in one word-Ganja is the centre of the literature of the country. University named after Hasan Aliyev, Academy of Sciences, Medical School and Ganja State University (former Pedagogical Institute) prove that scholastic tradition does still exist. 24 000 students take education in 4 state and 2 private high schools in Ganja.

"Mausoleum of Nizami" is the real mausoleum of Nizami-one of the luminaries of the World literature, the genius poet the intellectual of Azerbaijan, built 7 km east from today's Ganja on "Shikh duzu".

The grave of sheikh Nizami was a place visited not only by local people but also the ones who visited Ganja.

Historical and architectural monuments of Ganja that have world and local importance are mainly gathered in the region Nizami.

Hajikend recreation zone- Hajikend is mountainous zone of the Small Caucasus that is located in forestry country 1000 m high from the sea level. The picturesque sight of the area is much alike Alpine mountains of Switzerland and Italy. Winter is temperate and mild without terrible frost, summer is cool. The air is pure and transparent. Wind in the territory is light. The zone is quite calm.

Sport school for children and youth locates in Canja city in F.Aliyev street. There are 7 gymnasiums in the school (gymnasiums for wrestling, athletics, box, etc.) where 1240 sportsmen go in for 11 varieties of sport.

There is Heydar Aliyev park, Khan bagi (garden of Khan), the garden of Zeynalabdin Tagiyev, park of Independence, Novruz square and Children Rest Park in Nizami region of Ganja city.

There is also an Olympic Complex with its various sports equipment and infrastructure. The Complex was built in the period when Ilham Aliyev was the president of the National Committee of Olympia in September 12, 2002. The complex has been functioning since then.

You will be also encouraged to visit Gandja market where you can buy and taste the local natural foods.

This ancient and ever young city has an amazing aura. It attracts everyone who’s ever been here. Visit Gandja and you will have a wish to come back here not only once.

Source:        www.mct.gov.az

                      www.president.az

                      www.azerbaijan.az

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