Azerbaijan in international area

Azerbaijan in international area

Azerbaijan has been following an independent foreign policy since gaining independence in 1991. This policy aims at the strengthening and development of the state system and the protection of the national interests of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan builds its foreign policy on the principle of respect to the international legal standards and norms, the state sovereignty and territorial integrity and the principles of nonintervention into the internal affairs.

The foreign policy of Azerbaijan, adhering to these principles and speaking on behalf of the national interests targets such urgent issues as the risks and challenges to the national security and territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of the republic and the prevention of the intervention of the Republic of Armenia. The major priorities of the foreign policy of Azerbaijan are the establishment of the regional peace and stability, the implementation of large transport and cooperation projects.

The attraction of the foreign capital to the implementation of different projects on the development of the country's economics for more effective protection of the national interests plays a great role in the foreign policy of Azerbaijan in the present-day world. Thus, Azerbaijan that has chosen the democratic way of life determined its task in the establishment and development of mutually profitable bilateral and multilateral relations with other neighbor and faraway countries in different spheres.

Azerbaijan, expanding and developing its regional and global activity and international cooperation, became the member of a number of international organizations such as United Nations, the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe, European Council, Organization of Islamic Conference, Commonwealth of Independent States and others. Moreover, Azerbaijan was one of the cofounders of GUAM.

Azerbaijan joined CSCE (from January 1, 1995- OSCE) on January 30, 1992. It should be noted that OSCE was the first European organization participated by Azerbaijan.

The Republic of Azerbaijan joined UN on March 2, 1992 and its permanent representation was opened within UN on May 6, 1992. Since the first day of establishment of the cooperation between UN and Azerbaijan, our country tries to attract the attention of the international community to the Armenian-Azeri conflict and to reach the consensus by using the potential of UN.

Azerbaijan cooperates actively with a number of special structures and bodies of the United Nations. These are the UN Development Program (UNDP), Supreme Commissariat for Refugees, UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), organization for industrial development, World Health Organization, Women's Fund, International Atomic Energy Agency, Contract Organization on the Prohibition of the Comprehensive Nuclear Tests and others.

The cooperation between Azerbaijan and the European Union occupies an important place in the foreign policy of our country. The strategic situation of Azerbaijan on the junction between Europe and Asia attracts a great deal of attention of the EU member-states to the economic and political relations with Azerbaijan. 

The European Union sent its special envoy to Azerbaijan in 1998 and Azerbaijan created its permanent representation in EU in 2000. The functions of the permanent representative of Azerbaijan in EU are fulfilled by the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary Arif Mamedov. Antonio de Vries is the special envoy of the European Union in Azerbaijan. The special representative of EU for the South Caucasus was appointed for the strengthening the presence of EU in the region on July 5, 2003. These functions are fulfilled by Heyki Talvitye (Finland).

The Contract on the Partnership and Cooperation between Azerbaijan and EU member-states that came to power on June 22, 1999 (it was signed in Luxemburg on April 22, 1996) also prove the development of high-level cooperation between the two sides.

On October 29, 1991 soon after the restoration of its independence the Republic of Azerbaijan applied to the UN General Assembly and to the international community with the request to join the United Nations. On March 2, 1992 the UN General Assembly at its 46th session adopted the resolution on the admission of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations.

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations was opened in New York on May 6, 1992 and in November 1992 the Permanent Mission of the United Nations to Azerbaijan was established in Baku.
From the very first day Azerbaijan used the platform of the United Nations to draw attention to the Armenian-Azerbaijani, Nagorno-Garabakh conflict, to provide the international community with true and comprehensive information in order to shape an objective public opinion, to use the United Nations potential for peaceful settlement of the conflict.
The President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev at the 49th UN General Assembly session held in September 1994 and at the special meeting dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the UN in October 1995 called for the world community to increase international efforts to put an end to the Armenian aggression against Azerbaijan. In September 2000, President Heydar Aliyev at the UN Millennium Summit, once more voiced the position of Azerbaijan on the resolution of Armenian-Azerbaijani, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
President Ilham Aliyev at the 59th session of UNGA in September 21, 2004 stated with regret that the provisions of four UNSC resolutions had not still been implemented and suggested to develop its working mechanism.   
On October 29, 2004 at a meeting of the UN General Assembly the resolution on "The situation in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan" was put on the agenda at the initiative of the delegation of Azerbaijan and was adopted. The resolution was reaffirmed at the UNGA meeting on September 7, 2006, at the 60th session of the 98th plenary meeting of the UNGA, held on March 14, 2008 and at the 86th session of the 62nd plenary meeting of the UNGA. The resolution condemns the resettlement of Armenians to the occupied territories, the setting fires there, calls to implement four resolutions of the Security Council and to withdraw the Armenian armed forces from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan. The resolution confirms the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and demands to return the refugees to their homelands.
From the very beginning of its membership in the United Nations Azerbaijan has been working actively to develop mutual relations and to diversify the cooperation with this prestigious international organization, to occupy the proper place in the international community, to act as an independent state in the settlement of vital international issues, to make a contribution to the preservation of international security and peace.
The Republic of Azerbaijan has special links with the appropriate UN agencies and bodies, such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). Different projects and programmes aimed at improving the living standards, structural adjustments of the economy are carried out in close cooperation with them.
On October 24, 2011 Azerbaijan gained an overwhelming victory, winning an absolute majority of 129 from 155 votes in the elections for non-permanent membership of the UN Security Council for the term of 2012-2013. Azerbaijan has become the first country among the South Caucasus and Central Asia countries elected a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. President Ilham Aliyev at the meeting of the Security Council in May 2012 stated that the victory of Azerbaijan at the elections for the membership of the UN Security Council is a result of the achievements of country’s diplomacy in the international arena, of the growing role of the country in world and in regional affairs.
Since joining the United Nations an 2 March 1992, Azerbaijan has consistently demonstrated its strong commitment to the principles and purposes  of the Charter of the United Nations and international law and has staunchly supported the United Nations.

Azerbaijan served as a non-permanent member of the Security Council for the first time in its history after winning the vacancy on the 15-member body available for the Group of Eastern European States during voting in the United Nations General Assembly on 24 October 2011.

Shortly after Azerbaijan’s election to the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member, Presidebt Ilham Aliyev declared that his nation’s priorities would be to promote justice and the supremacy of international law enshrined in the Charter of thr United Nations. Guided by this vision, during its membership,Azerbaijanhas spared no effort to contribute to discharging  by the Security Council of its primary responsibility for the maintenance  of international peace and security.

Azerbaujan presided over the Security Council in May 2012 and October 2013. During those two months, the Council held 30 public and private meetings and 29 closed consultations and adopted seven resolutions, three presidential statements to the press.

A centerpiece of Azerbaijan’s presidency in May 2012 was the high level meeting on strengthening international coorperation in the implementation of counter-terrorism obligations, held on 4 May. As an outcome of the meeting, the Council adopted a presidential statement (see document S/PRST/2012/17 in theannex), in which it reiterated its strong and unequivocal condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations; noted the changing nature and character of terrorism; recalled Member States’ obligations to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State and to refrain from providing any form of support to entities or persons involved in or associated with ter-rorist acts; reaffirmed that effective counter-terrorism measures and respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law were complementary and mutually reinforcing; and stressed the importance of respect and understanding for religious and cultural diversity throughout the world. The Council also emphasized the need for more enhanced cooperation and solidarity among Member States and with United Nations entities and subsidiary bodies with a view to enhancing the individual capabilities of Member States to effectively implement their counter-terrorism obligations.

As part of its presidency of the Security Council in October 2013, Azerbaijan covened on 28 October a high-level meeting on strengthening the partnership synergy between te United Nations and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). The objective of the meeting was to review the cooperation between the United Nations and OIC in the maintenance of international peace and security and to explore ideas with a view to strengthening the partnership synergy between the two organizations. In its presidential statement S/PRST/2013/16, adopted as an outcome of the meeting, the Security Council, inter alia, recognized and further encouraged the active contribution of OIC to the work of the United Nations; acknowledged the continue dialogue between the two Organizations in the fiels of peacemaking, preventive diplomacy, peacekeeping and peacebuilding; noted that the United Nations and OIC share common objectives in promoting and facilitating the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the political solution of the Syrian conflict in accordance with the Geneva communiqué of 30 June 2012, as well as in fostering solutions to other conflicts in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the relevant resolutions of the Security Council; noted the commitment of both to foster a global dialogue for the promotion of tolerance and peace and called for enhanced cooperation to promote better understanding across countries, cultures and civilizations; and recognized the importance of strengthening cooperation with OIC in the maintenance of international peace and security.

In October, Azerbaijan also convened three open debates, on the situation in the Middle East, on women and peace and security and on the working methods of the Security Council.

During its membership of the Security Council, Azerbaijan chaired the Committee established pursuant to resolution concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Over past two years, Azerbaijan has further developed and strengthened its cooperation with the States Members of the United Nations, the UN Secretariat, regional and subregional organizations, civil society and academic circles.

On the 29th of November, 2013 he EU and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed today a visa facilitation agreement  at a ceremony that took place in Vilnius, in the margins of the Eastern Partnership Summit. 

Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic-speaking Countries (TURKPA) was established on November 21, 2008, according to the Agreement signed by the Heads of parliaments of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, and the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul. On March 30, 2010 the Headquarters Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic speaking countries (TURKPA Secretariat) was signed. In this agreement the following basic principles are stated: the status and right of the secretariat, immunities and privileges, labor activity, communication, flag, emblem and marking of the Secretariat, identification, settlement of disputes. 

The steps undertaken by the government of Azerbaijan in Europe corresponds to the attempts of the foreign policy as its integral part. Europe, which is rather based on the real cooperation and partnership than on the old models of influence, promotes the establishment of a single structure for security and common welfare but at the same time it may lead to the emergence of new challenges. Therefore, Azerbaijan, considering the established objective situation intensifies its activity within the antiterrorist coalitions and cooperation with NATO and European Union.

Azerbaijan protects and implements its national interests through participating in the regional initiatives and the aforementioned organizations.

The development and implementation of the measures foreign policy of Azerbaijan serving the protection of the national interests is connected with our national leader Heydar Aliyev. His talent of the strong state system establishment, the deep logics and understanding of the importance of issues enabled to form correct approach to the establishment of international relations.

The present day foreign policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan, conducted under the leadership of President Ilham Aliyev, demonstrates its adherence to the course of development of mutually profitable relations with all goodwill countries and aims to develop Azerbaijan and to provide for the permanent prosperity and the welfare of the people.

The diplomatic activity, carried out in frames of this complicated and many-sided process is composed of a number of major trends that constitute the foreign policy of Azerbaijan.



Source: www.azerbaijan.az